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CSS Combination Selectors


Apply CSS styles to some Combinations of Elements.


CSS Combination Selectors

1. Combination Selectors enable you to apply CSS styles based on its siblings and parents.

XYZ : Descendent Selector

X*Y : Universal Selector

X>Y : Direct Child

X+Y : Adjacent Sibling

X~Y : General Sibling


CSS : Descendent Selector xyz

1. To assign CSS styles to a whole group of Descendant Elements XYZ .

2. Inorder to create a descendant selector, the two selectors must be seperated by a space, ancestor first and followed by descendants.

3. Eg: #article p will apply CSS styles to element <p> which are descendants of an element with ID #article .

Example:CSS Descendent Selector

Give it a TRY! » Note:Above Example is of 2 level descendant, but you can have any number of descendant levels


CSS : Universal Selector x*y

1. A Universal Descendant selector is used to apply CSS styles to descendent element regardless of its parent.

2. Eg: For #article * span, contents of <span> within element with ID #article will be styled regardless of <span>'s parent element .

Example:CSS Universal Descendent Selector

Give it a TRY! » Note: Here, #article * is universal selector, and <span> is the descendent.


CSS: Direct Child Selector x>y

1. Used to apply CSS styles to elements that are immediate children(s) of the specified element and not grandchild descendents.

2. The Selector is created using a greater-than sign (>) between the parent and child selector. Eg: x>y

3. Eg: For selector body > p will select element <p> which are direct child of <body> element and not any grand-children.

Example:Direct Child Selector

Give it a TRY! » Note: In the above example the element <p> within <div id="article"> is a grand-child, hence not selected.


CSS: Adjacent Sibling Selector x+y

1. Adjacent Sibling selector applies CSS styles to elements only if it's adjacent to the specified element.

2. To create the Selector a symbol " + " is used between the two selectors.

3. 3. Eg: h1 + p will select only the first <p> following the <h1> element, all other non-adjacent elements will not be Selected.

Example: Adjacent Sibling Selector

Give it a TRY! » Note: Only the immediate sibling will be selected.


CSS: General Sibling Selector x~y

1. To apply CSS styles to all sibling elements that occur after the first Sibling, not just the immediate one .

2. To create the selector use symbol " ~ " between the two selectors.

3. Eg: h1 ~ p will select all <p> elements following the <h1> element, and not just the first <p>.

Example: General Sibling Selector

Give it a TRY! » Note: h1 ~ p targets all siblings, while h1 + p selects only the sibling immediate to h1 .