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CSS3 2D Transform Matrix


Apply CSS3 2D Transform to elements using a Matrix.


CSS3 2D Transform-Origin

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1. 2D Tranform properties are applied with the center of the element as the point of origin. However the origin can be changed using CSS property of transform-origin to any desired point

2. The new origin of the element can be set as a length or percentage from the element's top-left corner. The default position is 50%, 50% (i.e center). The point (0%,0%) denotes the top-left corner of the element as anchor point

3. You can even use keywords like top right , bottom left etc to set the new origin

CSS Example : 2D transform-origin property

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive ,negative or decimal values


CSS3 2D Transform using Matrix

1.Multiple Transformations can be applied to a single element at once using CSS3 matrix() function.

2. A matrix function consists of six(6) values, all tranformations(scale, translate, skew and rotate) can be achieved using this matrix. The syntax for CSS3 2D-transform matrix is as follows:

Syntax for matrix Transform




CSS3 2D Transform: translate using Matrix

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1. The matrix for Translation is matrix(1, 0, 0, 1, deltaX, deltaY). Since scale is preserved hence a and d is 1 and no skew angle means b and c is 0

Example: CSS Matrix translate

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive ,negative or decimal values


CSS3 2D Transform: Scale elements using Matrix

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1.Elements can be displayed as larger or smaller along both the axis using CSS3 transform matrix(scale_X,0, 0,scale_Y, 0, 0) function. Values specifies the scaling factor to be applied. It can positive, negative and even decimal.

Example: CSS Scale() using Matrix

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive, negative or decimal values


CSS3 2D Transform : Flipping Elements using Matrix

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1.Elements can be Flipped by having negative values as scaling factors.

Example: CSS3 Transform flipping using Matrix

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive, negative or decimal values


CSS3 2D Transform skew() using transform

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1.To skew Elements you need to specify skew angle using trignometric tan() function.

The matrix is matrix(1, tan(angle), tan(angle),1, 0, 0)

Example: CSS skew() function with matrix

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive, negative or decimal values


CSS3 2D Transform: rotate elements using Matrix

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1.You can rotate elements in the 2D plane around its center point using CSS3 transform

matrix(cos(angle), sine(angle),-sine(angle), cos(angle), 0, 0 ).

Example: CSS rotate using Matrix function

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive or negative values


CSS3 2D Transform: multiple Transforms using Matrix

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1. You can even apply mutiple transforms in a single declaration using a matrix

Example: CSS multiple transforms using a matrix

Give it a TRY! » Exercise: Try for as many positive or negative values